A small frog wants to get to the other side of a river. The frog is initially located on one bank of the river (position 0) and wants to get to the opposite bank (position X+1). Leaves fall from a tree onto the surface of the river. You are given an array A consisting of N integers representing the falling leaves. A[K] represents the position where one leaf falls at time K, measured in seconds...

## Problem: TapeEquilibrium

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given. Array A represents numbers on a tape. Any integer P, such that 0 < P < N, splits this tape into two non-empty parts: A[0], A[1], …, A[P − 1] and A[P], A[P + 1], …, A[N − 1]. The difference between the two parts is the value of: |(A[0] + A[1] + … + A[P − 1]) − (A[P] + A[P + 1] + … + A[N − 1])| In other...

## Problem: PermMissingElem

An array A consisting of N different integers is given. The array contains integers in the range [1..(N + 1)], which means that exactly one element is missing. Your goal is to find that missing element. Write a function: int solution(int A[], int N); that, given an array A, returns the value of the missing element. For example, given array A such that: A[0] = 2 A[1] = 3 A[2] = 1 A[3] = 5 the...

## Problem: FrogJmp

A small frog wants to get to the other side of the road. The frog is currently located at position X and wants to get to a position greater than or equal to Y. The small frog always jumps a fixed distance, D. Count the minimal number of jumps that the small frog must perform to reach its target. Write a function: int solution(int X, int Y, int D); that, given three integers X, Y and D, returns...

## Problem: OddOccurrencesInArray

A non-empty array A consisting of N integers is given. The array contains an odd number of elements, and each element of the array can be paired with another element that has the same value, except for one element that is left unpaired. For example, in array A such that: A[0] = 9 A[1] = 3 A[2] = 9 A[3] = 3 A[4] = 9 A[5] = 7 A[6] = 9 the elements at indexes 0 and 2 have value 9,the elements at...

## Problem: CyclicRotation

An array A consisting of N integers is given. Rotation of the array means that each element is shifted right by one index, and the last element of the array is moved to the first place. For example, the rotation of array A = [3, 8, 9, 7, 6] is [6, 3, 8, 9, 7] (elements are shifted right by one index and 6 is moved to the first place). The goal is to rotate array A K times; that is, each element...

## Problem: Binary Gap

A binary gap within a positive integer N is any maximal sequence of consecutive zeros that is surrounded by ones at both ends in the binary representation of N. For example, number 9 has binary representation 1001 and contains a binary gap of length 2. The number 529 has binary representation 1000010001 and contains two binary gaps: one of length 4 and one of length...

## Providing ISO 3166 as a micro-service using lumen

ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states). The official name of the standard is Codes for the...

## Convert a char array of HEX to ASCII in C

This function solves the case when we have a message which is represented as sequence of bytes in hex format in a string and we want to convert it back.

## Funny C# app for Mouse Faking

The purpose of this application is just for fun. It started initially by figuring out a way to fake skype that you are in front of your PC but also to randomly create a picture. The application takes control of your mouse and start drawing random pixels in the main area of the window thus generating mouse position and click events.

Below is a sample picture as well as the binary: